Gum diseases also known as periodontal diseases affect many people in the world and they can cause great discomfort. The diseases begin with bacteria in the mouth thus it is important to maintain a good oral hygiene routine. Several factors can cause gum diseases including the formation of plaque which hardens and becomes tartar. When this tartar extends below the gum line, it can lead to gum diseases.
If left untreated, gum diseases can lead to dental problems, such as teeth loss and damage of tissue around the tooth. Orthodontists also attribute gum disease to cause other diseases such as cardiovascular disease. Thus, you need to fully understand the signs and symptoms of gum disease so that you can know what to look out for;
Swollen gums are usually one of the first signs of gum disease. This type of dental disorder normally occurs when your gum becomes exposed to bacteria. When the bacteria infect your gum, swelling of the gums will occur, which in turn will make them appear pink or red and firm.
There are several factors that can lead to bad breath. This can include the food that you previously ate or a cavity in your teeth. It is important to note that bad breath can also be an indicator of a deeper underlying issue, specifically gum disease. The bacteria that cause gum disease leaves behind an unpleasant smell, thus causing your bad breath.
This is perhaps the most known symptom of gum disease. It typically occurs when you brush or floss your teeth. If your gums are healthy, then they are not supposed to bleed. Therefore, if your gums are bleeding by any chance, then this is a clear sign that something is wrong.
Receding gums is another common symptom of gum disease that occurs when your gum pulls back from the tooth's surface. This in turn will expose the roots of your teeth. When gum recession occurs, your teeth will end up becoming longer and highly sensitive.
When you have an infection between your tooth and your gum, it can lead to the formation of pus. Therefore, you may see pus oozing between the gum and teeth. Although this symptom may not be quite common, it should not be ignored.
If left untreated, gum disease can be detrimental to your overall dental health. Therefore, be sure to consult your dentist as soon as possible and receive a treatment plan.
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